Archives de catégorie : anglais

Avent -13 : Ski Ambience in Bardonecchia

Il s’assit un long instant sur un banc moussu, non loin du grand acacia dont la frondaison balançait, produisant un bruit sourd mais continu, un chuchotis murmurant, un soupir bourdonnant qu’on aurait cru parfois sibyllin, sodonial. (La disparition, Georges Perec, 1969, p 222).

Ce billet a été publié le 8 décembre 2016 . La Wayback Machine permet d’en retrouver partiellement la trace, dernière page conservée du blog :

L’enregistrement mis alors sur Soundcloud est toujours disponible :

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Avent -20 : La fête à tue-tête – Celebration at the top of your voice

Il saisit un luth, pris son inspiration, puis s’accompagnant, chanta. (La disparition, Georges Perec, 1969, p. 18)

In the early 1970s Danielle Musset, ethnologist, had recorded a series of field recordings at the north end of Transylvania, in the village of Moiseni,in Oas countries (or Oach). Twenty years later, three ethnomusicologists, Lortat Bernard Jacob, Bernard, Jacques Bouet and Speranta Radulescu, traveled  to the same places and saved celebrations songs and dances. The sound archives of CREM and MMSH offer a trip over the life in this amazing country,  consisting of a quarantine villages, where when people start singing the shrill way that characterizes this world end zone, “look like they came from another country ». This is a great example of what allows archiving sound sources through the common catalog of Europeana: comparisons across the time, contextualized by databases, accessible and reusable by all.

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مصطلحات التاريخ الشفوي – Oral History & Archivist Vocabulary – Lexique des archives et de l’histoire orale

منذ عام 2017 ، شاركت المكتبة الصوتية  MMSH في مشروع جماعي للتاريخ الشفهي بقيادة المعهد الفرنسي في الأردن  IFJ ، والمعهد الفرنسي للشرق الأدنى IFPO ومعهد جوته في عمان ، بدعم من الصندوق الفرنسي الألماني.

بالإضافة إلى التبادلات (بالفيديو) بين الفرق المنظمة وتنظيم أرشفة البيانات التي تم جمعها ، تم تقديم دورتين تدريبيتين داخل دائرة المكتبة الوطنية الأردنية في عمان ، حول مسألة التاريخ الشفوي و أرشفته.

من خلال المناقشات بين المؤرخات و المؤرخين ، أمناء المكتبات وأمناء المحفوظات ،المترجمات والمترجمين أو المهتمين بالمشروع ، أدركنا أنه كان من الصعب للغاية فهم بعضهم البعض بين المتحدثين باللغات الفرنسية والإنجليزية والعربية.

ثم شكلنا بشكل جماعي وتعاوني معجمًا نقدمه هنا. نرحب بالقارئ (من خلال التعليقات) لإضافة أي مصطلحات يعتقد أنها مفيدة حتى نتمكن من تحديث هذا العمل الذي لا يزال قيد التقدم.

Depuis 2017  la phonothèque de la MMSH participe à un projet collectif d’histoire orale mené conjointement par l’Institut français en Jordanie (IFJ), l’Institut français du Proche-Orient (Ifpo) et le Goethe Institut d’Amman, avec le soutien du Fonds franco-allemand. Outre les échanges (par visio) entre les équipes organisatrices et l’organisation de l’archivage des données collectées, deux formations ont été dispensées au sein du département de la bibliothèque nationale de Jordanie à Amman sur la question de l’histoire orale et de son archivage. Au fil des discussions entre, bibliothécaires, archivistes, traducteur.trices ou intéressé.e.s par le projet, nous nous sommes rendu compte qu’il était extrêmement compliqué de se comprendre entre locuteurs des langues française, anglaise et arabe. Nous avons alors constitué de façon collective et collaborative un lexique que nous présentons ici. Le lecteur est bienvenu (à travers les commentaires) pour ajouter les termes qui lui sembleront utiles pour que nous puissions mettre à jour ce travail qui est toujours en cours.

Since 2017 the MMSH Sound Archive Center has been participating in a collective oral history project conducted by the French Institute in Jordan (IFJ), the French Institute of the Near East (Ifpo) and the Goethe Institute in Amman, with the support of the Franco-German Fund. In addition to the (visio) meetings between the organizing teams and archiving of the data, two training sessions were organized at the department of the National Library of Jordan in Amman. Through these discussions between historians, librarians, archivists, translators and people interested in the project, we realized that it was extremely difficult to understand each other through French, English and Arabic. We have therefore collectively and collaboratively settled together a lexicon that we present here. The reader is welcome to add terms that he or she finds useful and send them to us (through the comments) in order to update this work, which is still in progress.

مصطلحات التاريخ الشفوي – Oral History & Archivist Vocabulary – Lexique des archives et de l’histoire orale

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300 days of detention for Fariba Adelkhah – 300 jours de détention pour Fariba Adelkhah

Nous sommes confinés depuis 20 jours. Fariba Adelkhah, chercheuse au Centre de recherches internationales de Sciences Po Paris, est en prison depuis 300 jours en Iran. En affichant son visage sur le site des institutions universitaires et des équipes de recherche d’Europe et d’ailleurs, nous voulons manifester le soutien de la communauté scientifique et inciter le gouvernement à tout mettre en œuvre pour sa libération. Fariba est en danger. Nous devons agir d’urgence pour elle !


Fariba is in danger. We must act urgently for her!

We’ve been in lockdown for 20 days. Fariba Adelkhah, a researcher at the International Research Centre of Sciences Po Paris, has been in prison for 300 days in Iran. By posting her face on the websites of academic institutions and research teams in Europe and elsewhere, we want to show the support of the scientific community and urge the French government to do everything possible to secure her release.

Comité de soutien :

Photographie à la une prise sur le site du comité de soutien de Fraiba Adelkhah et photogrpahie dans le billet réalisée par Stéphanie Samper. Diffusées avec leurs aimables autorisations.

Jordanian and European institutions work together for the promotion of oral history in Jordan

In 2018 and 2019, Jordanian, German and French institutions1 conducted a joint oral history project “Our Memory: Stories of Jordanian Oral Memory in the Twenty-first Century”, leading to the creation of a sound archive fonds. Students from the participating universities conducted field surveys with informants from different parts of Jordan, with a focus on two specific themes: the period of the First World War in Jordan (theme chosen for the year 2018, corresponding to the first collection of the fonds), and sites of memory in Jordan (year 2019, corresponding to the second collection). Continuer la lecture de Jordanian and European institutions work together for the promotion of oral history in Jordan

  1. The Goethe-Institut, the Institut français de Jordanie (IFJ), the Institut français du Proche Orient (Ifpo), the National Library of Jordan as well as the University of Yarmouk (YU), the University of Mutah, the University Hussein Bin Talal and the University of Jordan []

Law, ethics and fieldwork: how are research practices changing?

In the social sciences and humanities (SSH), researchers’ methods to record,  photograph and film during fieldwork are modified in the last decades by taking into account legal and ethical issues: European and French laws, research funding policies and various calls for project more and more systematically require the signature of agreements for the use of the data produced; More and more institutions are setting up ethics committees to establish rules governing the funding they receive; Witnesses  or informants want to know and understand what will be done with their image and their voice and what has become of the old recordings; Interviewees’ communities want to be able to exploit the films or recordings from a heritage point of view; Artists increasingly take possession of archival material for their creations… The demand for multidisciplinarity has also greatly impacted research methods, and several practices are now being used in SSH disciplines as a result of two influences: the health sector, with the model of informed consent, and the revolution brought by digital technologies in the area of data management (data gathering, formats, volume, etc.). Continuer la lecture de Law, ethics and fieldwork: how are research practices changing?

Sites of memory: oral history project in Jordan

This #WorldDayForAudiovisualHeritage, Sites of Memory presents memories and personal testimonies about places of importance to modern Jordanian history.  Carving up a space for dissonance and incoherency, the exhibition is an invitation to consider the role of the aural in the construction of historical narratives and rethink the representation of “the event” in relation to various sites across the country1.

The exhibition is the final public event of the research project Our Memory which is jointly realized by the Goethe-Institut, the Institut français de Jordanie (IFJ), the Institut français du Proche Orient (Ifpo), the National Library of Jordan as well as the University of Yarmouk (YU), the University of Mutah, the University Hussein Bin Talal and the University of Jordan. Realized as part of the Cultural Heritage Days in Jordan, the exhibition was made possible with a fund from EUNIC and the EU. The project “Our Memory” received funding from the Franco-German Cultural Fund.

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  1. Ali Pasha Abdyeh Street (Mafraq), Al-Muqariya Village (Shobak- Ma’an), Sheikh Rashid Mosque (Al-Ramtha- Irbid), The Duke’s Diwan (Amman), Palace of Al – Alali – Kleib Shreyda Palace (Tubnah- Irbid), Ma’an Stream (Ma’an), Castle Street (Al-Karak), Old Ma’an Market (Ma’an), Al Rawsha Cafe (Al-Zarqa), Diwan Al Majali (Al-Karak), Diwan Methqal (Um Al Amad, Amman). []

Alpes de Lumière’s inventory of Provence dry stone sheds

The “Bories” operation was launched in 1956 by Alpes de Lumière, an association working on the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage of the region of Haute-Provence in south-eastern France, created by Pierre Martel. The use of paper cards as datasheets is a substantial practice in Pierre Martel’s process of documentation and promotion of the lower Alps territory.

The inventory aspect of the association’s work was central since its beginnings. The aim of mapping the heritage of the territory was to promote a revival of its rich cultural legacy while the region was highly affected by the desertification of its inhabitants, its economical activities and its cultural facilities during the fifties.

Filing index cards was one of Pierre Martel’s constant concern, who used to document each of his own discoveries on heavy paper cards. Continuer la lecture de Alpes de Lumière’s inventory of Provence dry stone sheds

Rushes : appel à contribution – call for contribution

Appel à contribution : numéro spécial sur les rushes pour Bulletin de l’AFAS. Sonorités – Call for contributions : special issue about rushes for Bulletin de l’AFAS. Sonorités

Authors are invited to contribute to a future issue of the journal Bulletin de l’AFAS.Sonorités dedicated to rushes of documentary films (cinema or television), their transformation into archives and their use by researchers in the Humanities and Social Sciences. The Editorial Board particularly welcomes studies based on one or more collections of oral testimonies that have been filmed, archived, documented andmade accessible. Continuer la lecture de Rushes : appel à contribution – call for contribution

The Archive of Luisa Orrù, thinking of archiving

The Historical Archive of the University of Cagliari (whose director is Cecilia Tasca) has recently received an important sound archive by Luisa Orrù among its funds. This anthropologist was born in Sardinia in 1944 and she studied Sardinian Linguistics at the University of Cagliari. After her Master degree, she started teaching in middle school and, in 1974, she became History of Popular Traditions assistant professor with the supervision of Enrica Delitala. She later started collaborating with the anthropologist Pietro Clemente and participated in collecting biographical material on Tuscanian women. In 1982 she started interviewing Sardinian women as part of her study on  reproductive cycles. In 1986 she successfully became associate professor of Cultural Anthropology at the University of Cagliari and continued her research. Luisa Orrù died in 1998, due to her illness.

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